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Saturday, July 23, 2011

Makam Si Badang, Hercules versi Asia

Al-kisah sebuah lagenda,
Seorang pemuda memasang lukah,
Mencari ikan di tepi telaga,
Nasib sial selalu menimpa

Ikan di lukah menjadi mangsa,
Tak tau siapa punya angkara,
Badang mengintai si angkara murka,
Ternyata jin makhluk durjana

Badang yang lugu datang menerpa,
Makhluk durjana langsung menyerah,
Di isyaratkan dengan air ludah,
Badang menjadi kuat lagi perkasa

Nama Sibadang jadi terbilang,
Gagah perkasa tiada kepalang,
Terkenal sampai ke negeri seberang,
Karena sakti nama terjulang

Itulah yang tertulis melalui sebuah puisi pada plak di makam Badang bertajuk Hikayat Datok Sibadang, karangan Putra Asli Pulau Buru.

Si Badang atau Datok Badang terkenal dalam kisah lagenda 'orang kuat' di Asia. Saya pernah membaca kisah ini daripada sebuah buku mitos kanak-kanak ketika berumur 9 tahun dahulu. Sama ada kisah itu benar ataupun tidak, wallahu a'lam.

Pada 22 Julai 2011, jam 3.00 petang waktu Indonesia barat, saya berpeluang melawat makam Si Badang yang terletak di kawasan hutan di pinggir Desa Kandis, Pulau Buru, Karimun, Kepulauan Riau, Indonesia. Saya berkesempatan melawat makam itu ketika berkunjung ke kampung halaman nenda tercinta di pulau yang sama.

Makam itu dianggap keramat oleh penduduk setempat. Jarak antara dua batu nisannya agak jauh berbanding batu nisan perkuburan biasa. Menurut penduduk di situ, jaraknya sentiasa berubah-ubah jika diukur.

Makam Si Badang baru sahaja dibangunkan oleh kerajaan di sana sebagai salah satu tempat pelancongan untuk dilawati.

***

Di sini saya kongsikan juga ringkasan kisah Badang yang diperolehi daripada Wikipedia dalam bahasa Inggeris. Ceritanya sama dengan yang pernah saya baca sebelum ini.

Badang was a Siamese boy from Sayong Pinang, located in present-day Johor, Malaysia. He was the only son of two poor farmers who worked hard until the day they died.

As a young man, Badang worked as a coolie for the rich farmer Orang Kaya Nira Sura in a place called Salung or Saluang in Aceh, Sumatra (modern-day Indonesia). Badang was small-statured and the weakest of his group. Their job was to clear through the undergrowth to make way for new fields.

As slaves, they didn't get paid and received only a few handfuls of rice each day. This was hardly enough to satisfy the hunger of such arduous work, so Badang relied on catching fish for extra sustenance. He set his fish-traps along the stream every evening and gathered the net the following morning.

One morning Badang found his traps empty. The leftover bones and scales proved that someone had eaten his catch. This went on for a few days and Badang was angry. Not only was he not getting enough to eat, his friends even laughed at his plight. Expecting this to be the doing of some wild animal, Badang armed himself with a rattan stick (or a parang in some versions) and hid in the bushes of the jungle. Drifting in and out of sleep, Badang dreamt that he was strong enough to lift a boat with all its load. He dreamt that he lifted a great big rock and threw it into the air. The rock travelled many miles and landed at the mouth of a river. In his dream Badang was very rich and lived in a palace with many servants waiting on him. His mother, father and sister wore fine clothes and lived with him in the palace. He also dreamt that he swallowed something that came out of the mouth of an ugly beast. The beast was so big and ugly that Badang shook with fear and woke up.

At dawn, Badang saw none other than the demon from his dream. The beast was a hantu air, a water spirit capable of taking the form of any flora and fauna which lives around bodies of water. He was taller than Badang's house, with waist-length hair and a long beard covering his hairy chest. The demon had a pair of horns on his head, tusks protruding from his upper jaw and matted hair on his arms and legs. In the dim light its eyes shone like that of a wild animal, flashing and red. After eating all the fish in the traps, the demon fell asleep. Badang's anger overcame his fear. He crept up to the demon and used the empty net to tie its hair to a rock. (In another version the demon looked like a short old man with long white hair, eyes like fire and a beard that reached his waist. In this variation, Badang ran at the man on sight.)

The demon turned out to be a timid creature and begged for mercy. He promised to grant Badang any wish if he spared his life. Badang thought of wishing to be invisible but knew he would be hunted and killed. He thought of asking for riches but knew that whatever he owns belongs to his master. Instead he wished for strength so that he would not tire during his chores. The demon said that if Badang wanted great strength he would have to swallow whatever he coughs up. The demon vomited all the fish he had swallowed and Badang ate each one bit by bit. (In some versions the demon coughed out two red gems called geliga for Badang to swallow.)

True to the demon’s word Badang became immensely strong. As he walked back, Badang tested his strength on the trees. Nira Sura inquired how such a large section of the forest was cleared so quickly and Badang explained everything that had transpired. The landowner was so grateful for the servant's loyalty that he freed Badang from slavery on the condition that he never boasts of his strength and uses it to help others. Now a free man, Badang worked for a number of people before heading to the island of Singapore.

One day in his new home Badang saw fifty men trying to push a heavy boat into the water. Badang continually offered to help but the men refused, saying that no one so small would make any difference. The king Seri Rena Wikrama (also called Sri Rena Wira Kerma) eventually sent for 300 men to help bush the vessel but it was to no avail. When he saw Badang being refused, the king gave Badang the chance to push the boat by himself. Everyone present was shocked to find that the small-framed Badang could move the ship after 300 people had just failed to do so. He was summoned to the court of Seri Rena Wikrama and was appointed commander-in-chief of the army.

Badang was frequently asked to do favours. The king once asked him to gather the tasty kuras leaves from Kuala Sayong in Sumatra, so Badang set off in a boat by himself. When he climbed the kuras tree, its branch broke and Badang fell a long way, his head hitting a rock. To his surprise, Badang was completely unharmed and the rock was split in two. Today that rock is called the Split Stone (Batu Belah).

Over time, Badang had become known in other nearby countries as well. A king from India wanted to test Badang's strength against his own champion, Nadi Bijaya (or Wadi Bijaya). The Indian warrior sailed to the Malay Archipelago and greeted the local king with the friendly challenge. Seri Rena Wikrama took great pleasure in tests of skill and agreed. As decreed by the Indian king, the loser would owe the victor seven ships of cargo. Badang competed against Nadi Bijaya in several contests of strength and wrestling but the result was always tied. Finally, Nadi Bijaya suggested that whoever can lift the large rock in front of the palace shall be declared the winner. He then lifted the rock to his knees and immediately dropped it. When it was Badang's turn, he lifted the rock above his head and threw it into the sea. Nadi Bijaya acceded to the agreement and gave Badang the seven ships of cargo before returning to India.

Badang spent many years in Singapore defeating challengers from other countries, including the champion of Java. He eventually grew tired of the attention and requested that he retire from the king's service. Badang returned to Sumatra and stayed there for the rest of his life. After Badang died, even the Indian ruler who sent Nadi Bijaya grieved and sent a marble stone to be placed at the head of Badang's grave.

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